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Along with the desire of clothing, food, and home, the human desire to deal with diseases is one of our most fundamental needs. Thus, a method of medical treatment always existed in every community where basic living culture was established. This kind of medical practice in each community progresses into a more advanced form through conquest, exchange, and transfer. As humankind's perception and technology developed, medical technology developed as well. The medical method of Oriental medicine, which self-generated in Eastern Asia, came to be completed through this process. Oriental medicine has introduced a natural philosophy called the yin-yang and five phase theory into medicine and developed an academic system. Under this system, experiences and technologies of many people have accumulated and continues on even today.
By studying the formation of this medical system and its influences on later periods, students attain perception that enables them to understand Chinese medical classics and how the root of modern Oriental medical theory formed over time.
1) Focusing on the formation of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the department of medical history researches how Oriental medicine that generated i n China was introduced into Korea and what relationships it has with Traditional Korean Medicine.

2) Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine (Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam), written by Heo Joon, served as a momentum for the Traditional Chinese Medicine to be reinterpreted and reanalyzed into Korean medicine. From then on, apart from China, Korea acquired the capacity to develop Traditional Korean Medicine on its own. This department studies how such effort unfolds.

3) Modern Oriental medicine has been distorted and degenerated but also supplemented by the influence of Western medicine. The ultimate goal of this department is to take a look at how Oriental medicine should be developed from a historical point of view.

4) The department of medical history intends to propose the direction of medical development and to find the root and the lineage of medicine by studying each medical branch of China and Korea
With the advent of the 20th century, the tradition and culture of East Asia has been impaired due to reckless invasion and colonial policy of Western powers and replaced by Western culture. Oriental medicine, which was a part of traditional medicine of the East, was distorted and partially became extinct in this process. However, as Western medicine revealed its own limitations, East Asian medicine which puts emphasis on interchange with nature is newly being highlighted in the global market.
Nevertheless, Oriental medicine is an independent field of study which for thousands of years has been persistently maintaining and steadily developing its internal logic. Thus, it is not something that can be easily evaluated and altered according to Western standards, and it is of utmost importance to clarify the principles and validity of Oriental medicine according to internal logic of Oriental medicine. It can be said that from the perspective of Oriental medicine, the role of medical history is significant in that it observes the process of medical development and reinterprets the forming process of medical theory.